Abhaneri village, just about 100 km from Rajasthan’s capital Jaipur, is home to India’s largest and deepest stepwell – Chand Baori or Bawri. Built between the 9th and 10th centuries by King Chand Raja from the Gujara Pratihara clan, the stepwell in the Dausa district is an architectural as well as a mathematical marvel.
Over 1200 years back, architects and masons had the vision to create this 13-floor stepwell where 3,500 symmetrical steps taper down to the well. So the structure resembles an upside-down pyramid and the steps form a maze, which shines in bright sunlight.
King Chand Raja, who claimed to be the descendant of Lord Rama’s younger brother Lakshmana, built the stepwell to ensure a round-the-year water supply in the arid region. The boari is functional even today as it stores rainwater throughout the year but the entry to the main well is closed for the public.
Just about 100 metres from the stepwell is the Harshat Mata temple. In the bygone era, devotees visited the temple after washing hands and feet at the stepwell. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Harshat, also known as Harsiddhi, who bestows happiness (harsh) on her devotees. The temple was built at around the same time as the stepwell in the 10th century. It underwent
An annual fair is held at Abhaneri in Dausa during Autumn Navratri. More pictures of the baori and temple here: