Rakesh Mahanty was born in a farmers’ family in Patamda town, about 30 km from Jamshedpur in Jharkhand. His grandfather and previous generations had earned from the soil but his father and uncle did not take up the family occupation of farming due to dwindling earnings. And Rakesh’s father focused on good education for his son so that he could get a secure job.
After finishing schooling at Kerala Samajam Model School, Jamshedpur, Rakesh went on to complete B. Tech in 2012 and began working with Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) in Kolkata as an IT Analyst.
But destiny had different plans. The farmer within Rakesh was calling him to get back to his roots. And so, six years later, he quit his cushy corporate job and returned to his village Aguidangra in Patamda, East Singhbhum, to launch a farm-to-table organic food startup – Brook N Bees.
Rakesh did not want to just earn money and retire securely. “I wanted to do something meaningful for people back in my village,” says the 31-year-old.
Giving up city life for the hinterland
While still working at TCS, Rakesh planned his return and when he was sure that he could quit his job and pursue farming, he left the city life to embark on a new innings.
While his mother was supportive of his decision, his father was not happy. “My father’s concern was not unfounded. He didn’t see a future in farming, which is why he had pushed me out so I could lead a secure life in a city.”
“Also other farmers too had been giving up agriculture due to rise in costs and decline in soil productivity and revenues,” he says.
To understand sustainable farming better, Rakesh travelled to Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and eastern parts of India. He also pursued a six-month certificate course in entrepreneurship development at XLRI- Xavier School of Management from Jamshedpur in 2017 to develop skills and knowledge for running a successful business.
“I travelled to different places across India to learn about farming and then began with vegetable cultivation on a small patch of our land,” says Rakesh, whose family owns 20 acres of land. Growing vegetables using organic manure and vermicompost gave him a good understanding about organic farming and once he was satisfied with his output, he began convincing other farmers to follow suit.
With small landholdings, marginal farmers feel pressured to pump in more chemical fertilisers to boost yields, in turn increasing costs and harming the environment.
With community-based farming, which Rakesh promotes and practices, farmers can pool in resources like land, machinery and knowledge besides gaining bargaining power in the market.
“Yet, in the early days, it was tough to convince the farmers because they had lost faith in agriculture. They were practising farming without hope of good returns. But after seeing the sustainable agriculture model that I created in two years, the farmers joined me gradually,” says Rakesh.
Earlier, they were struggling to make a living and migration to cities was the only option for them.
Taking organic food from farm to table
“We have adopted sustainable farming using organic manure, vermicompost and growing multiple crops on a single piece of land (crop diversity),” he says.
To cut irrigation costs and promote water conservation, the farm uses drip, sprinkler and other types of micro-irrigation techniques that minimise wastage. It also undertakes watershed development through regeneration of ponds and rainwater harvesting.
“The belt is good for horticulture, so we mostly grow vegetables,” he says. The farmers cultivate jackfruit, beans, black rice, and Gobindobhog rice among other crops.
Rakesh says after farmers began to get good yields, the next issue was to market the produce. He realised if the farmers were unable to sell their produce, they would not be able to sustain farming for long. So in 2018, he set up ‘Brook N Bees’ through which the farmers’ produce is sold.
It was, however, challenging to create a dedicated customer base that could buy the produce at a good rate. “Since the products are organic, the price is about 25 percent higher than other vegetables. So the customers were not willing to buy organic veggies.”
Now the enterprise has a customer base of 120 households in Jamshedpur. Rakesh collects the harvested crops from the farm and sends them to residential societies in Jamshedpur for sale. It is delivered door-to-door and sold through stalls, branded as Farmer’s Haat, in Jamshedpur city.
Rakesh has a team of five people working with him for sales and distribution and he also hires people on a contractual basis as and when required.
“The sales were hurt due to Covid-19 as collection and transportation were affected. However, sales are now picking up and we expect the numbers to improve,” he says.
Brook N Bees is also undertaking an afforestation and tree tagging initiative called ‘Be A Tree’. It aims to create forests through crowdfunding not only for biodiversity conservation but also to create livelihood opportunities for local communities. They can access timber and non-timber produce from community forests going forward.
Rakesh feels satisfied that he was able to change the local farmers’ perspective towards farming and make it a viable livelihood option. He also runs an awareness programme called ‘Farm Paathsala’ where he conducts classes for urban youth to learn about sustainable farming and the importance of taking farming to the next level.
“I aim to help the farmers do sustainable farming and make it a good source of income. Moreover, I also want to grow my start-up and provide healthier food to the urban population. The educated youth can play an important role in achieving this aim,” he signs off.
(Bilal Khan is a Mumbai-based independent journalist. He covers grassroot issues, LGBTQ community and loves to write positive and inspiring stories.)